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jquery ajax实现下拉框三级无刷新联动,且保存保持选中值状态

作者:Terry2017.02.07来源:Web前端之家浏览:10135评论:0
关键词:JQueryJS

功能:省,市,地区三级联动,采用jquery ajax 取数据绑定,页面刷新或提交后选定值能保存并保持选中状态

把以下代码放在一个单独的js文件中,在页面上引用即可调用

复制代码 代码如下:

//获取cookie值
function readCookie(name) {
    var cookieValue = "";
    var search = name + "=";
    if (document.cookie.length > 0) {
        offset = document.cookie.indexOf(search);
        if (offset != -1) {
            offset += search.length;
            end = document.cookie.indexOf(";", offset);
            if (end == -1) end = document.cookie.length;
            cookieValue = unescape(document.cookie.substring(offset, end))
        }
    }


    return cookieValue;
}

//保存cookie值
function writeCookie(name, value, hours, escp) {
    var expire = "";
    if (hours != null) {
        expire = new Date((new Date()).getTime() + hours * 3600000);
        expire = "; expires=" + expire.toGMTString();
    }
    if (escp == "True") {
        document.cookie = name + "=" + value + expire;
    } else {
        document.cookie = name + "=" + escape(value) + expire;
    }
}

//省市区,流域,水系,断面条件选择
$(function() {

    var $ddlprovince = $("#ddlProvince");     //省份
    var $ddlcity = $("#ddlCity");      //城市
    var $ddlarea = $("#ddlAreaName");         //区域


    //根据省份查询城市
    //$ddlprovince.focus(); //不要加focus,否则设置selected有问题
    $ddlprovince.bind("change keyup", function() {
        if ($(this).val() != "-1") {
            loadWater($(this).val(), "SelectCity");
        } else {
            $("select[id$=ddlCity] > option").remove();
            $ddlcity.append($("<option></option>").val("-1").html("--请选择--"));
        }
        //从新选择省份或者从新选择城市都会初始化区域
        $("select[id$=ddlAreaName] > option").remove();
        $ddlarea.append($("<option></option>").val("-1").html("--请选择--"));
    });


    //如果城市没有填充数据,省份有选择数据则加载数据
    if ($("select[id$=ddlCity] > option").length == 1 && $ddlprovince.val() != "-1") {


        loadWater($ddlprovince.val(), "SelectCity");
        //读cookie,有值则设为选中状态
        var cityname = readCookie("JQ_CityName");
        if (cityname != null && cityname != "undefined" && cityname != "") {


            //$("select[id=ddlWaterXiName] > option:contains('" + watername + "')").attr("selected", "true");
            $("select[id$=ddlCity] > option[value='" + cityname + "']").attr("selected", "true");
        }
    }

    //根据城市查询区域
    //$ddlcity.focus();
    $ddlcity.bind("change keyup", function() {
        if ($(this).val() != "-1") {
            loadWater($(this).val(), "SelectAreaName");
            //选中值存cookie
            writeCookie("JQ_CityName", $(this).val(), 0.5, true);
        } else {
            $("select[name$=ddlAreaName] > option").remove();
            $ddlarea.append($("<option></option>").val("-1").html("--请选择--"));
        }
    });


    //如果区名没有填充数据,城市有选择数据则加载数据
    if ($("select[id$=ddlAreaName] > option").length == 1 && $ddlcity.val() != "-1") {
        loadWater($ddlcity.val(), "SelectAreaName");
        //读cookie,有值则设为选中状态
        var areaname = readCookie("JQ_AreaName");
        if (areaname != null && areaname != "undefined" && areaname != "") {

            $("select[id=ddlAreaName] > option[value='" + areaname + "']").attr("selected", "true");

        }
    }

    $ddlarea.bind("change keyup", function() {
        if ($(this).val() != "-1") {
            //选中值存cookie
            writeCookie("JQ_AreaName", $(this).val(), 0.5, true);
        }

    });
});

function loadWater(selectedItem, typename) {
    $.ajax({
        type: "GET",
        url: "/GetWaterxiname.ashx",
        data: { usetype: typename, id: selectedItem },
        contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
        dataType: "json",
        async: false,
        success: function Success(data) {
            bindWater(data, typename);
        }
    });
}

function bindWater(data, typename) {

    if (typename == "SelectCity") {    //绑定城市

        $("select[name$=ddlCity] > option").remove(); //删除原有的option
        $("select[id$=ddlCity]").append($("<option></option>").val("-1").html("--请选择--"));


        for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
            $("select[id$=ddlCity]").append($("<option></option>").val(data[i].City).html(data[i].City));
        }
    }
    else if (typename == "SelectAreaName") {

        $("select[name$=ddlAreaName] > option").remove(); //删除原有的option
        $("select[id$=ddlAreaName]").append($("<option></option>").val("-1").html("--请选择--"));


        for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
            $("select[id$=ddlAreaName]").append($("<option></option>").val(data[i].AreaName).html(data[i].AreaName));
        }
    }
}


说明:省份数据在页面加载时绑定,页面提交后 省份值可以用 selectvalue取,市,区选中数据要用 Request["idname"] 获取

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